With the development and expansion of the energy field, lithium batteries have penetrated into people’s lives. Vehicles, mobile phones, laptops and other tools are inseparable from lithium batteries.Due to the nature of its sensitive cargo, the IATA IMO organization continues to tighten regulations on battery and packaging requirements during transport.
With so many products that use lithium batteries, it’s important to understand how they’re shipped. There are three methods of shipping lithium batteries including ocean freight, air freight and courier service.This article deals with shipping lithium batteries from China.
You can also learn about it through the following video
Table of Contents
Shipping Lithium Batteries
- Shipping Lithium Batteries Three Best Ways
- What are Lithium Batteries?
- Lithium Battery Shipping Label
Do You Need To Be Certified To Ship Lithium Batteries
- 1:EU Battery Directive Requirements for Battery Labeling
- 2: UN38.3 standard label requirements for lithium battery product transportation
- 3: Requirements for battery labels in the IEC 62133 international standard
- 4: Korea KC certification requirements for battery labels
- 5:Japanese PSE certification for battery labeling requirements
- Why are Lithium Batteries Regulated in Transportation?
Shipping Lithium Batteries
Shipping Lithium Batteries Three Best Ways
A fast shipping mode for urgent cargo, as well it is easier to handle than sea freight. We can choose door-to-door courier service, such DHL, FedEx, UPS, TNT, USPS and air freight consolidation service for lithium battery.
Working with airlines EK, TK, EY, ET, UPS, SQ, AZ, CX, BR, CI, FJ, BA, AF, KQ and others, we can arrange the services of taking off or transferring in Hong Kong, Shenzhen, Guangzhou and other, depending on airline and feature of cargo.
Transportation of battery prefers Hong Kong air services, because of its easy inspection, frequent flight and fast trade declaration in there when import batteries from China.
The FCL is one of main shipping method for lead-acid batteries, car batteries and lithium batteries and other large one. What is worth mentioning, not all shipping companies want to accept such battery name, different shipping companies on the file and audit documents are inconsistent.
Freight forwarder will make the most appropriate way to import it for you basing on the type, size, weight of the shipment. While the container transport is suitable for all types of batteries imports.
What are Lithium Batteries?
Lithium Metal Batteries – The anode is either lithium metal or a lithium compound.Lithium-Ion Batteries – Use a lithium compound as the anode, are reusable and are the most common type of Lithium battery used in consumer applications.
Batteries have had multiple accidents during transportation and are widely used in the consumer electronics industry. Therefore, the IATA-IMO organization continues to strengthen battery transport and packaging requirements for air and sea transport.
Due to its shape, there are square lithium (cell phone and tablet batteries) and cylindrical (18650 batteries used in electronic cigarettes).
Because lithium is prone to chemical reactions, unstable and flammable, if it is not handled properly during transportation, accidents such as burns may occur.
Poor packaging and irregular handling during transportation has become an increasingly hot topic, and many international organizations have issued regulations and requirements.
Which Products Have Lithium Batteries?
You may not know it, but many products and devices you use every day have lithium-containing batteries. These products are being shipped around the world as people turn to online retail. This is why it is so important to transport these products and batteries with care. Some consumer products that use these types of batteries include:
- Mobile phones
- Medical devices
- Power tools
- Measuring equipment
- Automated external defibrillators (AEDs).
These devices all contain batteries that are classified as dangerous goods, and for good reason. Here are some reasons why your shipment must comply with the shipping regulations for lithium batteries:
- They’re highly flammable and can cause fires if wrongly packaged
- They react sensitively to environmental factors
- There’s a higher chance of their short-circuiting
With this in mind, retailers and the couriers of their choice must take the time to ensure that these lithium batteries are properly declared, packaged, labeled and properly stored in transit.
Basic Requirement of Packaging Transportation
Lithium battery must be packed properly according DRG dangerous regulations, and display UN number on the packaging.Proper packaging and labeling dangerous goods.
Requirements Of Air Freight and Sea Freight
- Battery shipment must pass UN test and package drop test from the height of 1.2 m.
- Dangerous goods declaration
- Attach a tag of dangerous goods on packaging.
- Lithium batteries design can prevent cracking and there are effective measures against outer shorter-circuits.
- The packaging is strong enough to stand shock and rough handling and other inner packaging materials is to avoid short circuits among batteries of the same packaging.
- Additional requirements for electronic product with inner battery.
- Large amount battery cargo should be placed in the tray, which is helpful for mechanical handling.
- One single parcel should weight less than 35 kg.
On April 1, 2022, The New Regulations On Air Transportation Of Lithium Batteries Will Be Officially Implemented
According to the requirements of the “Dangerous Goods Air Transport Regulations IATA DGR (Version 63)” newly released in January 2022, starting from April 1, 2022, small lithium batteries can only be transported by air in accordance with PI965 IA, PI965 IB or PI968 IA, PI968 IB. The method requires transportation, and the requirements of Part II of PI965 and PI968 are abolished, and the lithium-ion labels and cargo aircraft-only labels that originally meet the requirements will also be abolished. This new change does not apply to air transport, ADR (road), RID (rail) or IMDG (sea) where the lithium battery is contained in the device or where the lithium battery is packaged with the device
You can refer to this ITIA article 《What to Know About How to Ship Lithium Batteries?》
Lithium Battery Shipping Label
Proper marking and labelling is required when shipping lithium batteries by air. The markings and labels of packages containing dangerous goods inform everyone involved in the shipment what is in the package and how to properly handle the package in transit, where to place it in transit, and what to do if something goes wrong.
- Durably applied or printed on the package
- Visible and legible
- Able to withstand the elements
- Displayed on a background of contrasting color
- In English. Other languages may be used in addition, when required
- Properly sized
- The lithium battery mark, as shown below, must be applied to packages as outlined in the Lithium Battery Shipping Regulations manual.
Do You Need To Be Certified To Ship Lithium Batteries
Countries around the world have different certification requirements for battery products, and the corresponding safety testing standards for lithium batteries are also different. At the same time, the labeling requirements for battery products are different around the world
1:EU Battery Directive Requirements for Battery Labeling
The EU Battery Directive requires all batteries, accumulators and button cells to carry the crossed-out wheeled bin symbol
If the mercury content in the product exceeds 0.0005%, or the cadmium content exceeds 0.002%, or the lead content exceeds 0.004%, the chemical symbol of the metal exceeding the limit shall be attached to the trash can sign, and the chemical symbol shall occupy at least the area of the trash can sign. a quarter of .
If the battery or accumulator contains more than one of the above metals, this requires the respective chemical symbols to be appended. For example, if a battery contains more than 0.004% lead (Pb) and more than 0.0005% mercury (Hg), the symbols Pb and Hg should be appended. When applying for CE approval for products with batteries (such as IT, AV products), it is required that dangerous batteries must be marked with safety warnings
2: UN38.3 standard label requirements for lithium battery product transportation
When lithium batteries and products containing lithium batteries are transported by air, according to the requirements of the IATA DGR rules, the battery surface must be marked with the rated energy (that is, the watt-hour parameter). In addition, when lithium batteries and products containing lithium batteries are transported by air, each package must be affixed with a lithium battery operation label.
3: Requirements for battery labels in the IEC 62133 international standard
The requirements for battery labels in the IEC 62133 safety test standard refer to the description of the IEC 61960 standard. The IEC 61960 standard is also the main standard for battery product labeling requirements.
4: Korea KC certification requirements for battery labels
Lithium batteries apply for Korea KC certification, and also have special marking requirements, as shown in the following table
5:Japanese PSE certification for battery labeling requirements
Lithium batteries apply for PSE certification, and the surface of the battery must be marked with a circular PSE mark. And require the battery to mark the nominal voltage, nominal capacity, etc.
Why are Lithium Batteries Regulated in Transportation?
The risks posed by lithium cells and battery packs often depend on type, size and chemical composition. Lithium cells and battery packs can pose chemical (such as corrosive or flammable electrolytes) and electrical hazards. Unlike traditional alkaline batteries, most lithium batteries manufactured today contain flammable electrolytes and have extremely high energy density.
They may overheat and ignite under certain conditions, such as B. short circuits, physical damage, improper design or assembly. Lithium batteries and batteries catch fire, and once ignited, they are very difficult to put out.
Additionally, although rare, events can lead to thermal runaway in lithium cells and batteries, a chain reaction that results in a violent release of stored energy and flammable gases. This thermal runaway can spread to other cells or to nearby combustible materials, potentially leading to large-scale thermal events with severe consequences.